Introduction

Cluj county, situated in northwest Romania, is the 13th county in the country according to size, covering 2.8% of the surface area of Romania. With a natural environment that is favourable for human activities, the territory of Cluj county has been inhabited since days of yore. The archaeological discoveries in these regions prove the existence of a civilization that was well integrated in European life and culture.


The city of Cluj, an important political centre during the Roman governance, was the capital of Dacia Porolissensis for several years. The Roman colonization included the entire territory of the county, as shown by numerous vestiges (Bologa and Căşeiu). After the retreat of the Roman army and administration south of the Danube (275 A.D.), the region kept being inhabited (as proven by the discoveries made in the region of Mănăştur) and the population who stayed survived the barbarian migration from Eastern and Southern Europe.


Cluj county is located at the heart of the historical province of Transylvania, in the central-western part of Romania. Its neighbours are the counties of Bihor, Sălaj, Maramureş, Alba, Bistriţa-Năsăud and Mureş. Cătina commune is located in the Fizeş Plain, on the upper course of the river Fizeş, in the east of Cluj county, at the border with Bistriţa-Năsăud county to the east and southeast. Its neighbours are the communes of Buza (to the north), Geaca (to the west) and Cămăraşu (to the southwest), all of which are in Cluj county as well.


Cluj county is situated in the contact area of three major geographical units: the Apuseni Mountains, the Someşan Plateau and the Transylvanian Plain. The landforms mainly consist of hills (more than two fifths of the surface area) and mountains, without heights below 200 m above sea level. The hills include the northwest of the Transylvanian Plain, characterised by the existence of landforms whose average height is 500 m, and the southeast of the Someş Plateau, with taller, forest-covered hills. The Apuseni Mountains (the Bihor and Gilău Mountains, Mount Mare and Trascău) watch over the southwest area and the maximum altitude recorded is in the Vlădeasa Massif (1,842 m). The hydrographic network consists of the rivers Someşul Mic (which crosses almost the entire county), Crişul Repede and Arieşul, the natural lakes Cătina Popii I and Popii II, Geaca and Ţaga among others, and the reservoir artificial lakes Beliş Fântânele, Tarniţa and Gilău. The mineral resources of the county comprise fuels (lignite, peat and natural gases), minerals and rocks (quartz, feldspar, dacite and andesite, granite, limestone, tuff, kaolinite and salt), and mineral springs.

About region

Cătina

Cătina

In the area Gura Baciului, the oldest Neolithic remnants have been discovered (dating from 5,000 B.C.). In the second century B.C., a Geto-Dacian civilization lived here. After Dacia was conquered by the Roman Empire, Potaissa (Turda) and Napoca (Clu

Cămăraşu

Cămăraşu

Cămăraşu commune is located in southeast Cluj, in the Fizeş Plain, at the spring of the river Fizeş, 37 km from Cluj-Napoca. Its neighbours are Budeşti commune and Sărmaşu town to the east, Mociu commune to the west, Sărmaşu town to the sou

Buza

Buza

Buza commune is located in the northeast of Cluj county, 80 km from Cluj-Napoca, 50 km from Dej and 35 km from Gherla. It is situated at the foot of Ascuţit Hill, which pertains to the Jimborul Hills, having a surface area of 2,937 ha. Its neighbour