Cămăraşu commune is located in southeast Cluj, in the Fizeş Plain, at the spring of the river Fizeş, 37 km from Cluj-Napoca. Its neighbours are Budeşti commune and Sărmaşu town to the east, Mociu commune to the west, Sărmaşu town to the south and Cătina commune to the north. Cămăraşu is situated inside a depression on the direction west-east and is surrounded by hills whose heights range between 350 m and 450 m.

The commune consists of three villages: Cămăraşu (the communal seat), Năoiu and Sâmboleni.
As shown by the archaeological discoveries made in Cămăraşu, this territory in the centre of the Transylvanian Plain has been inhabited by humans since the earliest prehistorical ages. The first documented mention of the settlement dates from 1322. Cămăraşu has been recorded over the years under different names: Villa Kamaras, Kamares, Puztakamaras, Kamoras and Puzta-Kemeras.


The woody vegetation of the forests on the territory of Cămăraşu commune predominantly consists of oak (Quercus Robur) mixed with hornbeam (Carpinus Betulus), maple (Acer Platanoides), cornelian cherry (Cornus Mas), ash (Fraxinus Excelsior), field maple (Acer Campestre), common hazel (Corylus Avellana), poplar (Populus Alba), European crab apple (Malus Sylvestris), European wild pear (Pyrus Pyraster) and field elm (Ulmus Minor) among others.

The fruit trees that grow in the commune are the plum (Prunus Domesticus), apple (Malus Domesticus), pear (Pyrus Sativa), sour cherry (Cerasus Vulgaris), cherry (Cerasus Avium), white mulberry (Morus Alba), common walnut (Juglans Regia), apricot (Armeniaca Vulgaris), quince (Cydonia Ablonga) and peach (Persica Vulgaris) among others.


On the territory of Cămăraşu, one can find especially species specific to forest steppe. The forests are populated by birds like the cuckoo, Eurasian sparrowhawk, great tit, magpie, jay, owl and turtle dove, and mammals like the fox, deer, rabbit, hedgehog, weasel, European polecat and sometimes the wild pig and wolf among others.

Of the steppe fauna, the predominant bird species in Cămăraşu are the lark, common starling, grey partridge and pheasant, while the mammals include the field mice and European hamster among others.

The lakes are populated by the frog, European tree frog and leech. Of the reptiles, the most frequently occurring species are the sand lizard, green lizard and grass snale. Naturally, the best represented are the insects, flies and mosquitoes among others.



Each of the three villages of Cămăraşu communes has community centres. Two of these centres, the ones in Cămăraşu and Sâmboleni respectively, exist in specific buildings, whereas the one in Năoiu was set up in a building that was initially a house. The technical conditions of the constructions are good for the community centre in the communal seat and average for the other two centres. Once in a while, activities are organised in all the three centres. In 2004, the children's group of folk dances "Fiii Cămăraşului" (‘The Sons of Cămăraş') was established.

"Fiii Cămăraşului" (‘The Sons of Cămăraş') Group

The folk group "FIII CĂMĂRAŞULUI" (‘The Sons of Cămăraş') was established in order to promote and preserve the folk traditions and customs of the commune, which have been conserved with pride by the old group, active in 1970-1989. This group mainly consisted of elderly people, who promoted the folk traditions of the Transylvanian Plain and participated in numerous national folk festivals and competitions, like "CÂNTAREA ROMÂNIEI" (‘The Romanian song').

Musical and choreographic folklore, passed down from generation to generation and polished with great care, is one of the most treasured riches of the Romanian people. In 2004, a new generation of young amateur artists was appointed to conserve the artistic tradition of Cămăraşu and they carried out their activity at the community centre in the commune. Thus, a new group was established under the name of "FIII CĂMĂRAŞULUI" (‘The Sons of Cămăraş'), chosen due to the fact that the group consisted of children aged between 5 and 18. "FIII CĂMĂRAŞULUI" is supported by the Mayor and Local Council of Cămăraşu and is trained by Sebastian Marchiş and Ancuţa Baies.

The members of the group have a common goal, namely to express their passion for folklore through dances and customs. The group consists of 35 children, some of whom have been in the group for 6 years, since it was founded.
The passion and talent with which the members of the group adopted and interpreted Romanian folklore is why they are welcomed with joy and interest everywhere they go in the country or abroad.


Măsuratul oilor (Împreunatul) (‘Sheep measuring/gathering')

Sheep measuring is usually organised in May. The participants in this activity are the villagers who leave their sheep in a shepherd's care (people who cannot care for their sheep either because they have too few or because they have other main occupations). As the shepherd has numerous sheep, he assumes the responsibility of taking care of them and at the end of the year, in autumn, he is to receive in return a pre-established amount of cheese. It is called "sheep measuring" because this is when the participants measure, in "oca" (an ancient unit of measurement, the equivalent of about 1.25 l), the quantity of milk that each sheep can provide. After the measuring is completed, an assorted dinner is prepared: roasted lamb, hot polenta and plum brandy. This feast is held outside, at the sheepfold.

House blessing

There is the custom that after the building of a house is finished a priest is called to bless the house by means of a special service held in the new house. On this occasion, prayers are said, every part of the house is blessed with holy water and crosses are made with burning candles on the inside walls of the rooms. After the service, a party is held with the house owners' close relatives.

Saint George's Day Traditions

On the night before the day of April 23, every house owner would hang dog-rose branches on the gates to their yards, doors and windows of the houses, in stables and coops, to keep evil spirits away. On the same night, young men were organised into two groups and went on the hills to high places from where they would shout rhymes about various everyday realities (funny events about unmarried girls and bachelors or extramarital relationships).